LANGUAGE DEVELOPMENT ACTIVITY
Write as many synonyms as you can for the following words.
Elegant: graceful, attractive, stylish, aesthetic, appealing, charismatic, dazzling, cute, charming
Substitute: replace, alternative, exchange, instead, lieu, redeem, supplant, supersede
Steep: slope, angle, lean, tilt, incline, skew, slant, oblique, rake
Probability: possible, probable, avenue, chance, permutation
Gaze: behold, cast, glance, glare, espy, focus, eye, glimpse
Write as many antonyms as possible
Downwards: upwards, heavenwards, skyward, uphill
Quickly: slowly, nudge, sluggish, steadily.
Continue: cease, discontinue, abandon, abort, break, squash, terminate
Hard: soft, gentle, fluffy, frothy, furry, silky, spongy
Add: remove, debug, drain, sweep, tow away, plunder
Write one-word substitutes for the following descriptions
1. Imitate others to cause amusement – mimic, ape
2. Information of death given in newspapers with a brief history – obituary
3. Institution where persons suffering from tuberculosis are given treatment – sanatorium
4. Knowledge of everything – omniscience
5. Of the same kind or nature – similar/homogeneous/analogous
Write the meanings of the following idiomatic expressions and use them in sentences of your own:
1. As different as chalk from cheese – extremely opposites
2. Come off with flying colors – successful
3. Cut both ways – (of an action, argument, etc.) to have two opposite effects or results
4. Between the devil and the deep sea – in a difficult situation where there are two equally unpleasant or unacceptable choices
5. Face the music – to accept the criticism or punishment for something
Write the meanings of the following phrasal verbs and use them in sentences of your own
1. Keep on: to continue
2. Let down: to disappoint
3. Look up: to become better or improve or to find sth
4. Put off : delay or dislike
5. Run out of : to finish a supply of sth or to use up or exhaust
Correct the following sentences wherever necessary (Answers)
1. The union leaders attacked the chairman’s views.
2. The inspector was awarded/rewarded with a cash prize for his alertness.
3. The company could not bear the burden of heavy taxes.
4. Computers have greatly benefited the communication network in the country.
5. The management refused to bow down to workers’ demands.
Complete the following sentences choosing the appropriate word from among the choices given.
1. The dealer has …….. to give me a new one. (agreed/accepted)
2. In case I forget to return this, please ………….. me. (remember/remind)
3. The worker’s threat to go on a strike did not have any ……….. on the management. (affect/effect)
4. The misfortune did not ……….. him much. (effect/affect)
5. The baby kept weeping all ………the night. (through/throughout)
Read the following text and fill in the blanks with the appropriate words.
The digital age has added a new dimension to India’s dilemma. Its information technology (IT) prowess is rated among the best in the world. Yet it is unable to shrug off the “developing nation” tag where social issues such as poverty, illiteracy and unemployment are concerned. IT is being blamed by some for being the cause for the digital divide among people and states. But others feel this modern tool alone can bridge this yawning gap between the haves and have-nots.
A mysterious property of lightning has been confirmed. Just before a flash of lightning lights the sky, a huge blast of x-rays or other high-energy particles are released. The phenomenon means physicists may have to rethink how lightning is made. Past studies of lightning have produced occasional hints of x-ray bursts, but the signals were swamped by the electromagnetic noise which accompanies lightning. The burst means something odd is generated in the air, as negative charges from the clouds work their way down towards the ground. One way x-rays could be generated is if electrons were being ripped away from air molecules and accelerated close to the speed of light. Such runaway electrons are seen in fusion experiments. Another implication of the finding is that anyone standing close to a lightning strike will get a small dose of x-rays of about the same energy as an x-ray at the dentist.